Neurofeedback is an advanced form of biofeedback that allows a client to see and train his/her EEG (brainwaves) in order to cultivate healthy, effective, and efficient patterns of brain activity. Because all behaviors, sensations, and emotions are based on brainwave functioning, training the EEG can help the client reduce stress and stress related symptoms, regulate emotions, improve attention, concentration, and performance, and in many cases reduce or eliminate the need for medications for a variety of disorders. Neurofeedback is essentially a form of exercise for the brain that enhances flexibility and stability of the EEG.
Studies have shown neurofeedback to be effective with the following disorders:
- Attachment Disorder
- Chronif Fatigue Syndrome
- Conduct Disorder
- Chronic Pain
- Sleep Disorders
- Stroke/Brain Injury
- Tourette's Syndrome
Case studies indicate that neurofeedback is effective with many other conditions, including migraine headaches, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, memory problems, learning and developmental disorders, behavior problems, speech disorders, TMJ, and multiple other stress induced symptoms. Moreover, neurofeedback is used for peak performance training in sports, the performing arts, and business applications. Ongoing research is addressing additional ways neurofeedback can be used to optimize health and brain functioning.
Sensors are placed on the client’s head to record the electrical activity (EEG) in that area of the brain. (Note: These sensors are merely reading a signal from the client. No electricity is being administered to the client.) The brainwaves are displayed on the therapist’s computer while the client watches a training screen on a separate monitor. As clients produce more of the desired brainwave patterns and less of the unwanted activity, they receive auditory and visual feedback reflecting their progress on the training screen. The therapist can adjust the challenge level as necessary to increase learning. This process is essentially an advanced form of operant conditioning that has been successfully used in more traditional types of biofeedback for over 30 years. EEG training is a learning process, and therefore results are usually seen gradually. For most conditions, initial progress can be seen within a few sessions.
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For more information please follow the links provided below:
Video Excerpt of "Neuroscience, Attachment..." Conference with Ed Hamlin, Ph.D. - YouTube
Therapists are using neurofeedback to treat ADHD, PTSD and other conditions - The Washington Post
Agenda Plus: The Future Brain - YouTube
Australian News Show ADHD and Neurofeedback - YouTube